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Special Class Railway Apprentices' Examination, 2011



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Special Class Railway Apprentices' Examination, 2011



Special Class Railway Apprentice(SCRA)





The SCRA scheme was started in 1927 by the British, to select a handful of most intelligent Indians to assist them in their Railway Operations, after training at their Railway's largest workshop, i.e. Jamalpur Workshop, and for one year in United Kingdom. The selected candidates were required to appear in the Mechanical Engineering Degree Exmination held by Engineering Council (London).







Since then, the few admission seats for one of the country's first engineering college have always been hotly contested, with as many as 1 to 1.5 lakh candidates taking the entrance examination, now Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) board, for about 10 seats.That translates into an astonishing ratio of 1 selection per 10,000 applicants 


The SCRA scheme has continued to draw the country's best talent after independence and has provided Indian Railways with its top-ranking officers in all walks. Many of the Institute's alumni have won international accolade for having acheived excellence in their chosen careers, which include inventors, academicians, entrepreneurs, and high-ranking officers in other nations.






The examination comprises written test in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English Language, General Knowledge, and Psychological Test (Mental Ability). The selected candidates are called for an interview, which is followed by a medical examination. The standard of syllabus is that of Class XII (CBSE equivalent).


The notice for the examination, along with form and syllabus Mathematics, Physics ,Chemistry , English language is brought out by the UPSC around the months of June-July. According to the new rules issued by the Ministry of Railways, the exam is now conducted once every two years.






The selected candidates undergo a four-year rigorous training programme in Mechanical Engineering, for which the Institute has a Memorandum of Understanding with BIT, Mesra, Ranchi. The semester system of BIT, Mesra is followed, with workshop training sessions during the holidays at BIT, Mesra.


The apprentices get a stipend in the scale of Rs. 4000-4400 with Dearness Allowance,making the final emoluments upto Rs. 7400, apart from medical benefits, privelege passes and PTOs.






After successful completion of four years of training, the candidates join as Indian Railway Services of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME) Officers in Indian Railways to face a challanging and satisfying career


The Degree Awarded: SCRAs get a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical Engineering after successful completion of four years of training. This degree is recognised by the All India Council for Technical Education.






Test Centers:


Agartala


GANGTOK


PANAJI (GOA)


Ahmedabad


HYDERABAD 


PATNA 


Aizwal


IMPHAL


PORTBLAIR


Allahabad 


ITANAGARRAIPUR


Bangalore 


JAIPUR


RANCHI 


BAREILLY 


JAMMU 


SAMBALPUR


BHOPAL 


JORHAT


SHILLONG


CHANDIGARH 


KOCHI 
SHIMLA


CHENNAI


KOHIMA


SRINAGAR 


CUTTACK 


KOLKATA


THIRUVANATHAPURAM
DEHRADUN LUCKNOW 


TIRUPATI


DELHI 


MADURAI 


UDAIPUR 


DHARWAR


MUMBAI


VISHAKHAPATNAM 


DISPUR


NAGPUR 






Month of Notification: February


Month of Exam: July


Contact Details: 


Since the examination is conducted by UPSC, Commission's advertisements containing details of the examinations are published in Employment News/Rozgar Samachar.


Website: www.upsc.gov.in


Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) Eligibilty Criteria



Age: The candidates aspiring for the SCRA examination must have attained 17 years of age and must not have completed 21 years on 1st August of the year of examination. Certain categories of persons as specified in the Notice are eligible for age relaxation.






Minimum Educational Qualification:


For admission to the examination a candidate-


(a) Must have passed in the first or second division, the Intermediate or an equivalent Examination of a University or Board approved by the Government of India with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.


Graduates with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects may also apply,


or


(b) must have passed in the first or second division, the Higher Secondary (12 years) Examination under 10 plus 2 pattern of School Education with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.

Along with Examination eligibility criteria for SCRA railways, prepare most hottest SCRA exam,you should go through SCRA exam pattern .

SCRA Exam pattern



The SCRA examination is conducted according to the following plan:



Part I Written examination carrying a maximum of 600 marks in the subjects as shown below.



Part IIPersonality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written examination


 Written Examination carrying a maximum of 600 marks in the subjects as shown below :
PaperSubjectTime

Allowed
Maximum Marks
Paper-IGeneral Ability Test (English, General Knowledge and Psychological Test)2 hours200
Paper-IIPhysical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry)2 hours200
Paper-IIIMathematics2 hours200
Total600
Part II
Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written examination.




Chemistry Syllabus
If you are not fully awared with engineering examination test pattern SCRA ,then it should be better to understand   

(ii) Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

1. Atomic structure; Earlier models in brief. Atom as at three dimensional model. Orbital concept. Quantum numbers and their significance, only elementary treatment.

Pauli’s Exclusion Principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f. block elements.

Periodic classification only long form. Periodicity and electronic configuration. Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.

2. Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, co-valent, coordinate covalent bonds. Bond Properties, sigma and Pie bonds, Shapes of simple molecules like water, hydrogen sulphide, methane and ammonium chloride. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.

3. Energy changes in a chemical reaction. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions. Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.

4. Chemical Equilibria and rates of reactions. Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction. (Qualitative treatment based on Le Chatelier’s Principle). Molecularity; First and Second order reaction. Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.

5. Solutions : True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. Colligative properties of dillute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of dissolved substances. Elevation of boiling points. Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s law (non-thermodynamic treatment only).

6. Electro-Chemistry : Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibria, Solubility product.

Strong and weak electrolytes. Acids and Bases (Lewis and Bronstead concept). pH and Buffer solutions.

7. Oxidation - Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.

8. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Uses of Radioactive isotopes.



Inorganic Chemistry

Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds :

1. Hydrogen : Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen. Electronegative and electropositive character. Water, hard and soft water, use of water in industries, Heavy water and its uses.

2. Group I Elements : Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.

3. Group II Elements : Quick and slaked lime. Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.

4. Group III Elements: Borax, Alumina and Alum.

5. Group IV Elements : Coals, Coke and solid Fuels, Silicates, Zolitis semi-conductors. Glass (Elementary treatment).

6. Group V Elements. Manufacture of ammonia and nitric acid. Rock Phosphates and safety matches.

7. Group VI Elements. Hydrogen peroxide, allotropy of sulphur, sulphuric acid. Oxides of sulphur.

8. Group VII Elements. Manufacture and uses of Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine, Hydrochloric acid. Bleaching powder.

9. Group O. (Noble gases) Helium and its uses.

10. Metallurgical Processes : General Methods of extraction of metals with specific reference to copper, iron, aluminium, silver, gold, zinc and lead. Common alloys of these metals; Nickel and manganese steels.



Organic Chemistry

1. Tetrahedral nature of carbon, Hybridisation and sigma pie bonds and their relative strength. Single and multiple bonds. Shapes of molecules. Geometrical and optical isomerism.

2. General methods of preparation, properties and reaction of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, Petroleum and its refining. Its uses as fuel.

Aromatic hydrocarbons : Resonance and aromaticity. Benzene and Naphthalene and their analogues. Aromatic substitution reactions.

3. Halogen derivatives : Chloroform, Carbon Tetrachloride, Chlorobenzene, D.D.T. and Gammexane.

4. Hydroxy Compounds : Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.

5. Ethers; Diethyl ether.

6. Aldehydes and ketones : Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, acetophenone.

7. Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Anlline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.

8. Carboxylic acid : Formic, acetic, denezoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.

9. Esters : Ethylacerate, Methyl salicylates, ethylbenzoate.

10. Polymers : Polythene, Teflon, Perpex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and polyester fibers.

11. Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins - Vitamins and hormones.

Get prepare SCRA physics exam syllabus to get qualify in India's most prestigious civil services exam.

Physics Syllabus
Paper-II

If you have better understand SCRA admission criteria in railway engineering exam SCRA ,then only you should go for physics exam syllabus as described below..
(i) Physics

Length measurements using vernier, screw gauge, spherometer and optical lever. Measurement of time and mass.

Straight line motion and relationships among displacement, velocity and acceleration.

Newton's laws of motion, Momentum, impulse, work, energy and power.

Coefficient of friction.

Equilibrium of bodies under action of forces. Moment of a force, couple. Newton's law of gravitation. Escape velocity. Acceleration due to gravity.

Mass and Weight; Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, centripetal force, simple Harmonic motion. Simple pendulum.

Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth. Pascal's law. Principle of Archimedes. Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure and its measurement.

Temperature and its measurement. Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature. Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement. Specific heat of gases. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes. Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity.

Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves. Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors. Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings).

Reflection and refraction of light. Image formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes. Defects of vision.

Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation. Visible spectrum.

Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth's magnetic field. Magnetometers. Dia, para and ferromagnetism.

Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb's law.



Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current.

Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer.

Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter or voltmeter.

Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of electrolysis.

Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction coil,

Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier.

Production, properties and uses of X-rays.

Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays.

Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.

For chemistry paper preparation ,follow SCRA chemistry exam syllabus . 

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